The world of industrial chemistry is vast, with countless substances used across a myriad of applications. For those working in or around industries that handle these materials, knowledge of the most common chemicals is key. Learn about four industrial chemicals to know about that frequently feature in manufacturing and processing sectors.
Sulfuric acid, a strong and corrosive diprotic acid, is a workhorse of the chemical industry. It’s primarily used in the manufacture of fertilizers but also finds use in oil refining, wastewater processing, and mineral extraction. Handling this acid requires caution due to its highly corrosive nature, making the use of appropriate protective gear essential.
As a crucial feedstock in the chemical industry, ethylene is primarily used in producing polyethylene, a common plastic. This colorless flammable gas is also used to accelerate the ripening of fruits. It’s important to handle ethylene carefully due to its flammable and reactive properties.
Propylene or propene is a colorless gas with a faint petroleum-like odor. It’s used in the production of several products, including polypropylene, propylene oxide, and acrylonitrile. These downstream products find applications in packaging, automotive parts, and even clothing. As with ethylene, propylene is flammable and requires careful handling.
Commonly known as lye or caustic soda, sodium hydroxide is used in a vast range of industries that produce various products, including paper and pulp, textiles, and soaps. It’s a strong base that can cause severe burns, making it another chemical that requires appropriate safety measures during handling.
Now that you know about these four common industrial chemicals—sulfuric acid, ethylene, propylene, and sodium hydroxide—you’re better equipped to understand their uses and safety measures. Keep in mind that while these chemicals are essential in many industries, their handling and disposal must be conducted following strict safety and environmental protocols. Whether you need solid adsorbent products or equipment to improve the environmental impact of your oil and gas, Chemical Products Industries can help. Reduce your company’s footprint today.